How did adjectives the planets our solar system seize name? Who name them?

adjectives the planets of solar system get name because they can find out them easily and as expected scientists named them
The name are different in English than within other languages, so I assume you expect the English and/or European names.

The planets be named after Roman god, by the astronomers who discovered them -- I believe mostly Italians like Galileo and so on. By tradition, adjectives objects of significant size within the solar system are name after figures from Roman myth, including moons and huge asteroids.

Though of course the five closest planets -- Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn -- be known to the ancients, who have their own names for them.

Oh, and Nightstar -- Pluto is a Roman god.
The name are all name after roman gods (the = is the greek describe for the same god example Uranus=cronus Jupiter= Zues Pluto = Hades even ou rown moon which the material name is luna and mar = ares
most are named after roman god. but in the 60's or so when scientist discovered Pluto they sent out a contest to find the best designation and a little girl from England sent within the name Pluto and won.
The ceremonial names of planets and their moons are govern by an organization call the International Astronomical Union (IAU). The IAU was established surrounded by 1919. Its mission is "to promote and safeguard the science of astronomy in adjectives its aspects through international cooperation". Its individual members are professional astronomers from adjectives over the World. The IAU is the internationally recognized authority for assigning name to celestial bodies and any surface features on them.

The IAU recognizes that astronomy is an prehistoric science and many of its name come from long-standing traditions and/or are founded in history. For various of the names of the objects contained by the solar system, this is especially so. Most of the objects in our solar system received name long ago based on Greek or Roman mythology. The IAU have therefore adopt this tradition in its rules for naming indubitable types of objects in the solar system.

With the exception of Earth, adjectives of the planets in our solar system enjoy names from Greek or Roman mythology. This tradition be continued when Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto were discovered within more modern times.

Mercury is the god of commerce, travel and thievery in Roman mythology. The planet probably received this dub because it moves so quickly across the sky.
Venus is the Roman goddess of love and make-up. The planet is aptly named since it make a beautiful verbs in the sky, next to only the Sun and the Moon mortal brighter.
Earth is the only planet whose English designation does not derive from Greek/Roman mythology. The name derives from Old English and Germanic. There are, unsurprisingly, many other name for our planet in other language.
Mars is the Roman god of War. The planet probably got this cross due to its red color.
Jupiter was the King of the Gods within Roman mythology, making the name a right choice for what is by far the largest planet in our solar system.
Saturn is the Roman god of agriculture.
Uranus is the ancient Greek supernatural being of the Heavens, the earliest supreme god.
Neptune, was the Roman god of the Sea. Given the handsome blue color of this planet, the name is an excellent choice!
Pluto is the Roman god of the criminal world in Roman mythology. Perhaps the planet received this dub because it's so far from the Sun that it is in perpetual shadows.
I'm not sure but try
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) is officially within charge of assigning astronomical names and it is greatly sensitive to astronomical tradition.Its nomenclature is often derived from tradition and history (especially Greek/Roman mythology) a bit than from what might today seem more sensible.
Although most of the heavenly bodies inwardly our solar system are based on name carried forward from ancient times involving the Greeks, Romans and other major cultures which associated the dark sky and its celestial objects with god and goddesses.
Currently Only the International Astronomical Union (IAU) have the right to officially mark celestial objects. It does so for scientific purposes merely and does not recognize any commercial naming systems. The IAU, is view by astronomers as the reputable governing body of astronomical archives and globally standardized rules of procedure, to include the naming of celestial objects contained by space.

However, this consensus of authority is granted to th IAU through various intercontinental agreements or simple acknowledgment in some cases as to date at hand is no official council recognized by the entire intercontinental community with the authority to hand over names to objects contained by space.

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